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Glossary of Terms


A


  • Asbestosis - A condition that causes scarring of the lungs caused by inhaling asbestos fibres. Other asbestos related illnesses are Mesothelioma and Bilateral Diffuse Pleural Thickening & Pleural Plaques

B



  • Breach - An act or instance of breaking a law or regulation

C


  • Careless Driving - The offence of driving below the standard required of a competent and careful driver i.e. reading a newspaper or map, lighting a cigarette
  • Clostridium Difficile - Bacteria naturally present in the large intestine that make a substance that can cause a serious infection, associated with hospital-acquired infections Commercial
  • Something related to buying or selling things
  • Coroners Inquest - Official investigation of violent, sudden, or suspicious deaths

D


  • Dangerous Driving - The offence of driving far below the standard of a competent and careful driver i.e. excessive speeding, ignoring traffic lights and other road signs
  • Defendant - A person or institution against who an action is brought in a court of law; the person being sued or accused
  • Dispute - To put forward reasons for or against something

G

  • Gynecology and Obstetrics - branch of medicine of the female reproductive system, treatment of women during pregnancy, labor, childbirth and the time after childbirth

H


  • Harassment - Behaviours that are found threatening or disturbing and beyond those sanctioned by society

I

  • Industrial Disease - An impairment of health, abnormal functioning or disability resulting from employment. Sometimes referred to as “Occupation Disease”

L


  • Limitation - The time within which proceedings must be issued to claim damages for injury caused by Clinical Negligence
  • Litigation - A legal proceeding in a court: a judicial contest to determine and enforce legal rights.

M


  • MIB - Abbreviation for the Motor Insurance Bureau. A body set up by the insurance industry by agreement with the Department of Transport. It provides cover and compensation if someone has been injured or killed in a motor accident and the wrongdoer is either uninsured or cannot be identified
  • Musculoskeletal - Repetitive Stress Injury is a syndrome that affects bones, muscles, tendons, nerves and other anatomical features

O


  • Oncology - A medical speciality focusing on the treatment of cancer
  • Orthopaedics - The branch of medicine concerned with diseases, injuries, and conditions of the musculoskeletal system

P


  • Proceedings - The beginning of a court action
  • Public Liability - Part of the law of tort which focuses on civil wrongs. An applicant (the injured party) usually sues the respondent

R


  • Respiratory Disease - Conditions that affect the respiratory system i.e. asthma, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), Farmer’s Lung etc.
  • RTA - Abbreviation for Road Traffic Accident

S

  • Standard of Care - Degree of care an ordinary, reasonable, and prudent person would exercise in given circumstances

U

  • Urology - A surgical specialty which deals with diseases of the male and female urinary tract and the male reproductive organs
  • V

    • Vibration White Finger - A disorder affecting the blood supply to the fingers and is the most commonly prescribed disease under the Industrial Injuries Disability Benefit Scheme

    W

    • Whiplash - An injury to the muscles, ligaments, vertebrae or nerves of the neck caused when the head is suddenly thrown forward and then sharply back